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Published: Oct 3, 2020

Updated: Dec 8, 2023

The Tort of Appropriation

[1] See U.S. Const. amend. IV; see also, Samuel D. Warren & Louis D. Brandeis, The Right to Privacy, 4 Harv. L. Rev., 5 (1890). [2]  See, Ross v. Roberts, 222 Cal. App. 4th 677 (2013). [3] Fla. Stat. § 540.08 (2020). [4] See, Timed Out, LLC v. Youabian, Inc., 229 Cal. App. 4th 1001, 1006 (2014). [5] Cal. Civ. Code § 3344.1 (2020). [6] Cal. Civ. Code § 3344 (2020). [7] See, Faegre & Benson, LLP v. Purday, 367 F. Supp. 2d 1238 (D. Minn. 2005). [8] See, Newcombe v. Adolf Coors Co., 157 F.3d 686, 692-93 (9th Cir. 1998). [9] Cal. Civ. Code § 3344(b)(1) (2020). [10] N.Y. Civ. Rights Law § 51 (2020). [11] Cal. Civ. Code § 3344(a) (2020). [12] See, Jordan v. Jewel Food Stores, Inc., No. 12-1992 (7th Cir. 2014) [13] Id. [14] See, Steinbach v. The Wonderful Company LLC, et al. (LASC 19STCV03256) [15] Merriam-Webster defines “meme” as “an amusing or interesting item (such as a captioned picture or video) or genre of items that is spread widely online especially through social media.” [16] Id. [17] SeeKeller v. Elec. Arts Inc., 724 F.3d 1268 (9th Cir. Cal. 2013). [18] See, Maureen A. Weston, Gamechanger: NCAA Student-Athlete Name & Likeness Licensing Litigation and the Future of College Sports, 3 Miss. Sports L. Rev. 77, 98 (2014). [19] Cal. Civ. Code § 3344(a). [20] Cal. Civ. Code § 3344(g) (2020). [21] Cal. Civ. Code § 3294 (2020). [22] See, Montana v. San Jose Mercury News, 34 Cal. App.4th 790, 793 (1995). [23] Cal. Civ. Code § 3344(d) (2020). [24] See, Eastwood v. Superior Court, 149 Cal. App. 3d 409, 421-26 (1983) [25] U.S. Const. amend. I. [26] Wash Rev. Code § 63.60.070(1) (2020). [27] See, Comedy III Prods., Inc. v. Gary Saderup, Inc., 25 Cal. 4th 387 (2001).

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