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Published: Feb 11, 2021

Updated: Dec 8, 2023

Can Computer Code be Copyrighted?

[1] See Google LLC v. Oracle America, Inc., _ U. S. (20_). [2] Final Report of the National Commission on the New Technological Uses of Copyrighted Works (CONTU Rep.), ISBN 0-8444-0312-1 (1978). [3] 17 U.S.C. § 102 (2020). [4] 17 U.S.C. § 102(a) (2020). [5] 17 U.S.C. § 102(b) (2020). [6] 17 U.S.C. § 101 (2020). [7] U.S. Copyright Office, Compendium of U.S Copyright Office Practices, Glossary (3d ed. 2017). [8] Id. [9] Id. [10] See Google LLC v. Oracle America, Inc., _ U. S. (20_). [11] Southwick, Karen (1999). “High Noon: the inside story of Scott McNealy and the rise of Sun Microsystems.” New York [u.a.]: Wiley. pp. 120-122. ISBN 0471297135. [12] Stephen Shankland (January 27, 2010). "Oracle buys Sun, becomes hardware company". CNET News. http://news.cnet.com/8301-30685_3-20000019-264.html [13] Lamonica, Martin (February 13, 2007). "Sun picks GPL license for Java code". CNet. https://www.cnet.com/news/sun-picks-gpl-license-for-java-code/ [14] Elgin, Ben (August 17, 2005). "Google Buys Android for Its Mobile Arsenal". Bloomberg Businessweek. Bloomberg. http://www.businessweek.com/technology/content/aug2005/tc20050817_0949_tc024.htm [15] "Original FAQ Questions from Project Launch". harmony.apache.org. ( February 27, 2011) http://harmony.apache.org/faq.html [16] See Oracle Am., Inc. v. Google Inc., 872 F. Supp. 2d 974 (N.D. Cal. 2012). [17] See Oracle Am., Inc. v. Google Inc., 872 F. Supp. 2d 974 at 976 (N.D. Cal. 2012). [18] See Oracle Am., Inc. v. Google Inc., 750 F.3d 1339 at 1352 (Fed. Cir. 2014). [19] See Google, Inc. v. Oracle America, Inc., U.S. Supreme Court case no. 14-410, docketed October 8, 2014. [20] See Oracle Am., Inc. v. Google Inc., No. 3:10-cv-03561 1988 (N.D. Cal. Jun. 8, 2016). [21] See Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc., 510 U.S. 569 (1994). [22] See Oracle Am., Inc. v. Google Inc., 886 F.3d 1179 (Fed. Cir. 2018). [23] 17 U.S.C. § 102(a) (2020). [24] See Baker v. Selden, 101 U.S 99 (1880). [25] Id. [26] 17 U.S. Code § 102. [27] See Feist Publications, Inc., v. Rural Telephone Service Co., 499 U.S. 340 (1991). [28] 1 M. Nimmer & D. Nimmer, Copyright §§ 2.01[A], [B] (1990)§ 1.08[C][1]. [29] See Feist Publications, Inc., v. Rural Telephone Service Co., 499 U.S. 340 (1991). [30] See Baker v. Selden, 101 U.S 99 (1880). [31] See Kern River Gas Transmission v. Coastal Corp., 899 F.2d 1458 (5th Cir. 1990). [32] See Morrissey v. Procter & Gamble Co., 379 F.2d 675, 678 (1st Cir. 1967). [33] 17 U.S. Code § 107. [34] Id. [35] See Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc., 510 U.S. 569 (1994). [36] Id. [37] See Harper & Row v. Nation Enterprises, 471 U.S. 539 (1985). [38] See Kelly v. Arriba Soft Corp., 336 F.3d 811 (2003). [39] See American Geophysical Union v. Texaco, 60 F.3d 913 (2d Cir. 1995). [40] See Oracle Am., Inc. v. Google Inc., 872 F. Supp. 2d 974 (N.D. Cal. 2012). [41] See Oracle Am., Inc. v. Google Inc., 886 F.3d 1179 (Fed. Cir. 2018). [42] 17 U.S. Code § 107(4). [43] See Rogers v. Koons, 960 F.2d 301 (2d Cir. 1992).

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