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What Characterizes an S-Corp?

An S-Corp, or S corporation, is a type of corporation that meets certain IRS requirements to be treated as a pass-through entity for tax purposes. This means that the S-Corp itself is not taxed at the corporate level, but instead, the income, deductions, and credits of the corporation are passed through to the shareholders, who report them on their tax returns.

To qualify as an S-Corp, a corporation must meet certain requirements, such as having no more than 100 shareholders, all of whom must be individuals or certain types of trusts, and having only one class of stock.

S-Corps are popular among small business owners because they offer limited liability protection like a traditional corporation but with more flexibility in taxation. S-Corps are also subject to fewer tax requirements and formalities than traditional corporations.

In addition to the pass-through taxation benefits, S-Corps can also provide other advantages, such as reducing the amount of self-employment tax paid by shareholders, allowing shareholders to deduct business losses on their tax returns, and providing the ability to convert a traditional corporation into an S-Corp to take advantage of the tax benefits.

However, S-Corps also have some disadvantages, such as limitations on the types of shareholders and restrictions on the number and type of stocks that can be issued. As with any business structure, it is important to carefully consider the pros and cons before deciding whether an S-Corp is the right choice for your business.

  • Published: Feb 22, 2024
  • Updated: Dec 26, 2023

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This FAQ is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. We make no representations or warranties about this FAQ's completeness, accuracy, reliability, or suitability. Each legal situation is unique. Always consult an attorney for personalized guidance.

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