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What is an Affidavit of Heirship?

An Affidavit of Heirship can become necessary when a deceased individual, known as the decedent, has not left behind a will, or the existing will does not adequately address all of their assets, and the legal process of distributing the decedent's assets can become complex. An Affidavit of Heirship provides a streamlined way to transfer the decedent's property to their rightful heirs, particularly when the estate primarily consists of real estate.

This type of affidavit is a legal document used to establish the legal heirs of a decedent and to expedite the transfer of assets in the absence of a will and is typically used to establish ownership of real property when the estate is not going through probate. This document is often executed by a disinterested third party, someone who knew the decedent but has no financial stake in the estate, and it's filed with the county records office or the land records office where the real property is located.

The Affidavit of Heirship includes crucial information about the deceased, the affiant (the person making the affidavit), the family history, and the decedent’s property. This usually encompasses the decedent's full name, date of death, a description of the property in question, a list of all of the decedent's heirs, and their relationship to the decedent, and it may also include the marital history of the deceased and information about any debts or liens against the property.

An Affidavit of Heirship serves as a sworn statement, claiming that the information provided is accurate and true to the best of the affiant's knowledge, and by establishing the rightful heirs, it helps to facilitate the process of asset distribution, reducing potential conflicts and disputes among the surviving family members.

It's always recommended to consult with a qualified attorney to ensure an Affidavit of Heirship is prepared and filed correctly, as mistakes can lead to delays and potential legal issues.

  • Published: Jul 9, 2023
  • Updated: Dec 26, 2023

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This FAQ is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. We make no representations or warranties about this FAQ's completeness, accuracy, reliability, or suitability. Each legal situation is unique. Always consult an attorney for personalized guidance.

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